Comprehensive Guide to Commercial Conveyancing

Dealing with commercial property involves a process that requires a high level of detail.

That’s because when commercial property is being bought or sold there is usually a lot at stake, whether that be financially or emotionally.

A conveyancer will need to be enlisted should you ever be buying or selling commercial property. 

In this post, we will discuss what’s involved in commercial conveyancing and a guide on the process.

What is commercial conveyancing?

commercial property keys on a table

Commercial conveyancing is the legal process of transferring ownership of commercial properties from one party to another. 

This complex and highly regulated procedure involves a series of steps to ensure a lawful and seamless transaction. 

It encompasses various legal, financial, and administrative tasks, such as property inspections, title searches, contract drafting, and compliance.

Commercial conveyancing is crucial to protect the interests of both buyers and sellers and to establish clear property ownership. 

It requires the expertise of commercial property solicitors who specialise in commercial transactions to navigate the legal intricacies and ensure that the transfer of property rights is processed correctly and transparently.

What is the difference between commercial and residential conveyancing?

Commercial conveyancing deals with commercial properties, whereas residential conveyancing deals with residential properties.

The difference between commercial and residential property is as follows:

  • Commercial property – a property that is used to generate revenue e.g. rented property or an office space.
  • Residential property – a property that is primarily used for living purposes.   

Commercial property usually involves more complicated processes which means that commercial conveyancing can take longer than residential conveyancing.

If there is a commercial property that has tenants, then this can make the process of selling or buying longer, as their rights will need to be taken into account.

You’ll also have to consider other documents that need to be processed, such as fire risk assessments. 

For more information on residential conveyancing, please read our blog, which explains what conveyancing is.

A guide to commercial conveyancing

guide to commercial property conveyancing

 Here is a guide to the key aspects of commercial conveyancing in the UK:

Understanding Commercial Properties

Commercial properties include retail spaces, offices, industrial units, and other non-residential buildings. 

The nature of these properties can vary greatly, and their use can impact the conveyancing process.

Commercial property valuation is multifaceted, often relying on income, sales comparisons, and cost approaches. 

Maintenance and upkeep are typically more demanding than in residential properties, and lease negotiations can be complex.

Financial considerations, regulatory compliance, and thorough due diligence are crucial elements in any commercial property transaction. 

Whether you’re an investor, business owner, or real estate professional, comprehending commercial properties is vital for successful commercial conveyancing.

Appointing a solicitor

commercial shop front

You need to employ a solicitor or conveyancer experienced in commercial conveyancing. 

That is where Brown Turner Ross can assist you.

We will help you navigate the legal aspects of the transaction, including searches, contracts, and negotiations.

Appointing a solicitor for commercial conveyancing is a critical step in any non-residential real estate transaction. 

Commercial properties involve a complex web of legal details, and an experienced solicitor is essential to guide you through the process effectively. 

Our commercial property law professionals are well-versed in the unique laws, regulations, and contractual aspects of commercial conveyancing. 

We oversee due diligence, contract negotiations, and the meticulous checks required to ensure the property’s legal and financial viability. 

We will also liaise with lenders and coordinate with all parties involved in the transaction, ensuring a smooth and legally secure transfer of ownership. 

Our expertise is invaluable in protecting your interests and investments in the dynamic landscape of commercial properties.

Due diligence

The importance of conducting due diligence in commercial conveyancing cannot be overstated. 

It involves a comprehensive process of investigation and research that helps ensure the integrity and viability of a commercial property transaction. 

Commercial properties come with a myriad of potential risks, including legal issues, environmental concerns, and financial liabilities. 

Through due diligence, these risks can be identified and assessed, allowing for informed decision-making. 

This process includes property inspections, title searches, environmental assessments, financial audits, and thorough examination of leases and contracts.

By uncovering potential issues or red flags, due diligence empowers buyers, sellers, and investors to mitigate risks, negotiate terms effectively, and safeguard their interests. 

If you’re a seller, then you will need to complete a Commercial Property Standard Enquiries (CPSE) Form.

What is a commercial property standard enquiries (CPSE) form?

The Commercial Property Standard Enquiries (CPSE) are a set of standard pre-contract enquiries used in commercial property transactions in the United Kingdom. 

They were developed by the British Property Federation (BPF).

The forms aim to streamline the due diligence process and provide a consistent set of questions and information for both sellers and buyers in commercial property transactions.

The CPSE forms typically cover a wide range of topics related to the property being sold, including title, environmental matters, planning, leases, services, and more. 

The objective is to gather and disclose essential information about the property to facilitate the transaction and help both parties understand the property’s condition, potential risks, and obligations.

Using CPSE forms can save time and effort in the due diligence process, as they offer a standardised framework for enquiries and responses.

They are not mandatory, and parties can negotiate and customise the terms to suit their specific needs and the nature of the commercial property transaction. 

The specific CPSE form used may vary based on the type of transaction and the version of the CPSE forms in use at the time of the transaction. 

If these forms feel overwhelming, don’t worry, we can assist you in completing and interpreting CPSE forms during commercial property transactions.


signing a contract for commercial property

Once due diligence is complete and negotiations are finalised, the contracts are drawn up. 

Commercial property contracts tend to be more complex than residential contracts. 

They may include clauses related to lease agreements, tenant responsibilities, and other commercial-specific terms.

Contracts are a vital part of commercial conveyancing. 

They hold immense importance in ensuring the smooth and legally binding transfer of commercial properties. 

These documents define the terms and conditions of the transaction, encompassing crucial details such as the purchase price, property boundaries, and any special provisions. 

In a commercial context, contracts often involve complex considerations, including lease agreements, tenant responsibilities, and commercial-specific clauses. 

They serve to protect the interests of both buyers and sellers, clarifying the expectations and obligations of each party. 

We can help by carefully negotiating and drafting these contracts to prevent disputes.

They can provide clarity on legal rights and responsibilities and lay the foundation for a successful commercial property transaction. 


Securing the right financing is crucial for both buyers and investors, as commercial properties often involve substantial capital investments. 

If you are obtaining a mortgage or financing for the commercial property, the lender will conduct their due diligence. You should coordinate with your lender and solicitor to meet their requirements.

Lenders conduct rigorous due diligence to evaluate the property’s financial viability, potential rental income, and the creditworthiness of borrowers. 

The financing process involves negotiating favourable terms, assessing interest rates, and coordinating with the lender’s requirements, which may include property appraisals and inspections. 

Proper financing not only enables the acquisition but also shapes the financial performance of the property. 

Land registry

Registering a commercial property with the Land Registry not only ensures legal ownership but also provides transparency and security to all parties involved in a transaction. 

The Land Registry’s records offer a reliable source of title information, helping to confirm property boundaries, rights and restrictions.

For buyers and lenders, a registered property title assures them of a clear legal status, reducing the risk of disputes and protecting their interests. 

The Land Registry’s role is indispensable, as it underpins the foundation of property ownership, facilitating transparency and security in commercial real estate transactions.

Our conveyancing solicitors deal with land registry almost daily, so they are very familiar with its processes and nuances.

Stamp duty land tax (SDLT)

commercial property solicitors

Stamp duty is a tax that must be paid on most commercial property transactions in the UK. 

The amount of SDLT depends on the property’s value and its use. 

We can help calculate and pay the appropriate stamp duty.

SDLT can be a substantial expense, and understanding its implications is critical for buyers and investors as it can significantly impact the overall cost of the property purchase.

It’s crucial to comply with SDLT regulations and make accurate submissions to ensure a smooth and legally sound commercial property transaction. 

We have a team of commercial conveyancing professionals who understand SDLT. They can ensure that all obligations are met and that the financial aspects of the transaction are appropriately managed.


Completion is when the final payment is made, and legal ownership of the property is transferred to the buyer. 

That is when you get the keys to the property, and any leases or tenancies are activated.

It is also the final stage of completion for the seller, who is now not legally bound to the commercial property. 

Commercial property conveyancing in Liverpool

Commercial conveyancing in the UK can be a lengthy and complex process. 

That is why it’s essential to work with experienced professionals who understand the commercial property landscape and its legal processes.

If you’re about to buy or sell a commercial property, get in touch with the experts, and one of our conveyancing solicitors can guide you through the process. 

Southport Solicitors

Tel: 0170-454 2002

Fax: 0170-454 3144

11 St George's Place

Lord Street



Liverpool Solicitors

Tel: 0151-236 2233

Fax: 0170-454 3144

The Cotton Exchange Building

Bixteth Street


L3 9LQ